At Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, pottery excavated shows that the craft was well advanced. Indian ceramics can be traced to the Harappan age. There is evidence of pottery making, handmade as well as wheel-thrown, from all over India. The art of shaping and baking clay articles as pottery, earthenware and porcelain has evolved and endured through centuries to the modern times.
The finest pottery in India is of the unglazed variety, and this is practically produced all over India in a variety of forms. Kangra and Andreta in Himachal Pradesh, Pokhran in Rajasthan, Meerut and Harpur in Uttar Pradesh, Kanpur in Maharastra, Kutch in Gujarat, Jahjjar in Haryana, Birbhum in Bengal and Manipur are famous for their special styles in pottery. Each region has its own specialty.
Very fine paper-thin pottery is produced in Kachchh, Kanpur and Alwar, the Alwar variety being called kagzi. There are three different styles in unglazed pottery. One is the paper- thin, biscuit coloured pottery with incised patterns.
Then there is the scrafito technique in which the pot is polished, painted with red and white slips into intricate patterns while the outline is incised. Then there is the highly polished pottery which is given strong, deeply incised, stylised patterns of arabesques. The rest of the area is covered with rows of black dots and the contrast in colour and texture gives the incised area greater prominence.
Kangra is noted for black pottery, which resembles the Harappan pottery style. Pokhran has stylised forms with incised decorative patterns. Kanpur makes thin pottery with incised designs. Meerut and Jhajjar make slim-necked water containers called surahis.